The consular process is when you apply for a green card while you reside outside the US consulate. The USA Participates in the process and make the final decision. If approved, applicants will receive immigrant visas that allow them to travel to the US, where they will receive their green card in the mail.
If you already live in the US You may be able to request a green card through the status adjustment process.
Step 1: File the immigration petition
An immigration petition is a form that shows there is a reason to live permanently in the US. On rare occasions, you may be able to submit your own request, but most of the time someone in the US You will have to file a petition on your behalf.
Family-based on green cards
Family members of US citizens or permanent residents need to file Form I-130, Petition for a Foreign Family Member on their behalf.
Fiance (s) of United States citizens planning to marry in the US they need their boyfriend in the country to submit Form I-129F, Petition for a Foreign Family promised on their behalf. These applicants will receive nonimmigrant visas (temporary visas) to travel to the US. They must get married within 90 days of their arrival and then request a green card through the status adjustment process.
U.S. citizens and permanent residents can take their adopted children to the U.S. Filing Form I-130 However, adoptive parents may be required to submit an additional petition – Form I-600 Petition to classify an orphan as an immediate relative – before submitting Form I-130.
Spouses of US citizens who died after the submission of Form I-130 need not submit a new petition. If they were married when they died and met all the requirements, they can file a self-petition using Form I-130. Said petition must be filed within the period that US law. requires
Husbands and wives of US military killed in combat may petition for immediate relative status with Form I-360, Petition for Ameriasiatic, Widowed, or Special Immigrant.
Although a US consulate will process your residency application, usually your petition must be filed with the USCIS. Form I-130 can be submitted directly with a US embassy or consulate. only under the following circumstances:
U.S. citizen Who filed a petition on his behalf was authorized to live continuously in the jurisdiction of the consular office for at least the previous six months.
- The person filing the petition is a member of the US armed forces.
- It is an emergency situation.
- It is necessary for the health or safety of the petitioner.
- It is in the national interest of the USA.
- You will have to contact the consulate before sending your request.
Green cards based on employment
There are several petition options for people who plan to work in the US. permanently.
If a prospective employer wants to hire you permanently, the employer must file Form I-140, Petition for Foreign Worker, on your behalf. As mentioned earlier, there are four categories of workers:
- EB-1 Priority workers
- EB-2 Professionals with advanced degrees or people with exceptional skills
- EB-3 Professional workers or experts
- EB-4 Special Immigrants
Employers of EB-1 workers must submit Form I-140, Petition for Foreign Worker. Employers of EB-2 and EB-3 workers must first submit a labor certification with the US Department of Labor. and then submit Form I-140. Employers of EB-4 visa holders must submit Form I-360, Petition for Ameriasiático, widower, or special immigrant. Special EB-4 immigrants include jobs from:
- Afghan / Iraqi translator
- International Organization Employee
- Iraqi who helped the US government
- The employees of the Panama Canal
- Doctor with a national interest exemption
- Religious worker
Investor-based green cards
The category of investors is for people who:
- They make an investment of $ 1 million in the US or a business investment of $ 500,000 in a high-unemployment zone or rural US area.
- They plan to create or preserve at least ten permanent full-time jobs for skilled American workers
- Investors can make a self-petition using Form I-526, Immigrant Petition for Foreign Entrepreneurs. Up to 10,000 visas can be given to these entrepreneurs each year.
Diversity Visa Program
There is also the Diversity Visa Program, which is often referred to as the green card lottery. Each year, 50,000 visas are available to randomly selected applicants from countries with low immigration rates to the US, such as Japan, France, Romania, Armenia, Albania, Latvia, Turkey, Ukraine and others. Registration for the 2016 program was carried out in 2014.
Step 2: Wait for an immigrant visa number
The USCIS will notify the petitioner of his decision. If the petition is denied, the notice will include the reasons for denying it and any right to appeal the decision. If the petition is approved, the USCIS will send it to the National Visa Center of DOS.
In most cases, an approved petition and a current “priority date” are required before a visa can be requested. Because federal law limits the number of visas issued each year, there is a higher waiting list when there are more qualified applicants than the number of visas allowed by law. Your “visa number” means your place in the queue. Your priority date is the time you are eligible to apply.
Your position on the waiting list is determined by your immigrant visa preference category and the country from which your visa is being requested.
To view the visas that are available, you can check the monthly DOS newsletter.
NOTE: There are an unlimited number of visas for spouses of a US citizen, parents and unmarried children who are under 21 years of age (immediate relatives). This means that it is not necessary to wait for a current priority number to apply for a visa.
Step 3: Go to your biometric data appointment and interview
The consular office will schedule your interview and the biometrics appointment once the visa is available or before the cut-off date that appears in the monthly Visa Bulletin. The consular office will decide if you are eligible for an immigrant visa. Most applicants do not have to attend an interview, but there are some exceptions.
Step 4: travel to a port of entry to the US and receive your green card
When your visa is approved, the consular officer will give you a packet of information known as a “visa package.” Do not open it. Upon arrival in the US, deliver your package to the customs agent at the port of entry.
Resident visa holders will be admitted to the U.S. as permanent residents if they pass the agent inspection. They will receive their residence cards in the mail to their US address.
NOTE: Fiance K-1 visas are nonimmigrant visas. When K-1 visa holders are admitted to the US, they do not become permanent residents immediately. Instead, they must marry their U.S. citizen boyfriend. within 90 days of arrival and then request adjustment of status. Only after your application for adjustment of status (Form I-485) is approved will you receive a green card.
Green card through consular processing opinion
These are the basic steps to get a green card if you live outside the US:
- Someone creates an immigration petition on your behalf (unless you are in the rare position of being eligible to file it on your own behalf).
- Wait for the priority number to be available (unless you are the immediate relative of a US citizen).
- Go to your appointment at a US embassy or consulate
- Take your package without opening the visa and present it at a US port of entry.
- Receive your residence card in the US mail.
How to apply for an Immigrant Visa
When it comes to immigration, the US They have strict laws and regulations. The USCIS is responsible for handling all visa and immigration applications from the point of submission of the application until the final decision. Although the process can be complicated and stressful, if proper steps are followed, a permanent visa for the US can be obtained. without any discomfort.
The different ways to present a green card
It is best to opt for specific categories of immigrants to apply for a residence card. The ways in which you may become eligible to obtain a green card are:
- A petition filed by a family member who may be a permanent resident of the US or a US citizen
- A petition filed through an employer that offers a job to the applicant.
- A petition filed after receiving asylum or refugee status.
- The Diversity Lottery, also known as the green card lottery.
There are 6 steps to follow after your application has been approved.
Step 1. Choose an Agent
You can act as your own agent or you can opt for the petitioner, a family member, friend, lawyer, immigration professional or anyone else you trust.
Step 2. Payment Rates
Pay the processing fee required by USCIS. You can pay these fees online.
Step 3. Submit the visa application form. Collect and submit the forms and documents to the National Visa Center (CNV).
Step 4. Submit financial documents or Collect. Complete a statement of support and attach financial documents.
Step 5. Gather supporting documents. Complete the civil documents to support your visa application.
Step 6. Submit documents to the CNV. Submit all the forms collected in steps 4 and 5 in a single package to the CNV.
After paying the necessary fees and submitting the required application for an immigrant visa, affidavit of support, and supporting documents to the National Visa Center (CNV), USCIS staff will check that the file is complete. Once your case qualifies for an interview, CNV will work with the US Embassy. Appropriate or consulate before scheduling an appointment.
How to make an Immigration Appeal
To make an immigration appeal, you must complete the correct form and send it to the appropriate agency. You must pay a filing fee when you submit the form. The form you should use and to whom you should send it will depend on the decision you will appeal.
What is an immigration appeal?
When you make an appeal, you are requesting that a higher authority consider a decision again. For example, if an Immigration judge made a decision about your case that doesn’t suit you, you can ask a higher court to invalidate the Immigration judge’s decision and to rule in your favor. However, there are different forms to use and agencies to appeal. The way you make the appeal depends on what you appeal and the superior authority to which you appeal.
Who can file an immigration appeal?
Only the person who submitted the original application can file an immigration appeal. For example, if your brother filed a petition to obtain a visa to enter the US, he would have to appeal the decision for you.
To whom do I file the appeal?
People whose immigration petition or case is denied will receive a Denial Notice, by mail. This form will indicate the form to be submitted and to whom it should be sent.
What form should I submit?
The form you must submit will depend on the decision you are appealing.
Form I-290B: most USCIS applications
For most appeals, you are required to complete Form I-290B: Notice of Appeal or Motion. Form I-290B is used for appeals to the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS). You can appeal a decision on the following petitions to the USCIS using Form I-290B:
- Form I-129CW: Petition for Nonimmigrant Transitory Worker of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) Only
- Form I-129F: Petition for Foreign Fiance
- Form I-129: Petition for Nonimmigrant Worker H1-B, H-2, H-3, L, O, P, Q or R
- Form I-131: Travel Document Application
- Form I-140: Immigrant Petition for Foreign Worker
- Form I-212: Application to enter the United States after being deported or expelled
- Form I-352: Migratory Link
- Form I-360: Petition for Amerasiático, Widower or Special Immigrant. Please note that only the people mentioned in Part 2, Item A or Part 2, Items C to M can make an appeal using Form I-290B.
- Form I-485: Application for Permanent Residence Registration or Adjustment of Condition. Keep in mind that you can only submit this form for one of these reasons:
- Your request to obtain a permanent resident card (green card) was denied because you could not prove that you had a true marriage while you were in removal proceedings.
- Your request to obtain a green card as an Indo-Chinese refugee under Public Law 106–429 sec. 586 or Public Law 95–145 sec. 103 was denied.
- Your request for a U or T visa was denied.
- Your request to obtain a green card under section 13 of the INA law because of your status as a diplomat was denied.
- Your request to obtain a green card pursuant to Part 2, Item H of Form I-485 as qualified by Life law was denied.
- Form I-526: Petition of Immigrant of Foreign Entrepreneur
- Form I-600: Application to Classify Orphan as Direct Family
- Form I-600A: Application for Advanced Orphan Petition Process
- Form I-601: Application for Exemption from Cause of Inadmissibility
- Form I-612: Application for Exemption of Residence Requirement Abroad
- Form I-800: Petition to Classify a Convention adopter as a direct relative
- Form I-800A: Request for determination of suitability to adopt a child from a Convention country
- Form I-821: Temporary Protection Condition Application
- Form I-905: Application for Authorization for the Issuance of Certificates for Medical Assistance Workers
- Form I-914: Application for Condition T of Nonimmigrant
- Form I-914A: Application for T-1 Receiver Direct Family Member
- Form I-918: Petition for U Nonimmigrant Condition
- Form I-918A: Petition for Family Qualifying as Receiver U-1
- Form I-924: Application for Regional Center according to the Immigrant Investor Pilot Program
- Form I-929: Petition for Qualifying Family Member of a U-1 Nonimmigrant
- Form N-470: Application to Maintain Residence for Naturalization Purposes
- Form N-565: Application for Replacement of Citizenship / Naturalization Document
- Form N-600: Application for Certificate of Citizenship
- Form N-600K: Application for Citizenship and Issuance of Certificate according to Section 322
- Your Certificate of Citizenship was canceled according to the Immigration and Nationality Law (INA) §342. The USCIS canceled your Certificate of Citizenship because it determined that you obtained the certificate illegally.
You must submit Form I-290B within 30 days after the USCIS decision or 33 days after receiving the decision by mail. Persons appealing the cancellation of an immigrant petition that had been approved must make the presentation within 15 days after a verbal decision and 18 days after a decision sent by mail.
To submit Form I-290B, you must include a check or money order for $ 675 payable to the “US Department of Homeland Security.” DO NOT send cash.
Form I-694: applications for temporary residents and exemptions from grounds of inadmissibility
You can file Form I-694: Notice of Appeal Decision according to Sections 245A or 210 to appeal decisions on the following:
- Form I-687: Temporary Resident Status Application according to Section 245A of the INA
- Form I-690: Application for Exemption from Cause of Inadmissibility Under Sections 245A or 210 of the INA
- Form I-698: Application for Adjustment of Temporary Condition to Permanent Resident
You must mail Form I-694 to the address mentioned in your Notice of Denial along with a check or money order for $ 890 payable to the “US Department of Homeland Security.” DO NOT send cash. You must submit your request within 30 days after the date mentioned in your Notice of Denial.
Form N-336: naturalization requests
To appeal a decision on Form N-400: Naturalization Request, you must submit Form N-336: Request for Hearing on Decision in Naturalization Procedures. You can submit the form with a copy of the Notice of Denial and a filing fee of $ 700 within 30 days after receiving the Notice of Denial (or 33 days if the notice was sent to you by mail). You can include any additional documents that would support your case on Form N-336 when you file it. (You can also present those supporting documents at the hearing). Active members of the US service whose Form N-400 was denied they do not have to pay the filing fee of $ 700.
Form EOIR-29: immigrant petition requests
To appeal a decision on Form I-130: Petition for a Foreign Relative or Form I-360: Petition for Widower, you can file Form EOIR-29: Notice of Appeal to the Board of Immigration Appeals of a Decision on an Immigration Officer.
You must send the application with a check or money order for $ 110 payable to the “US Department of Homeland Security.” DO NOT send cash. Send the form to the address mentioned in your Denial Notice. DO NOT mail the petition directly to the Board of Immigration Appeals.
To appeal a decision on Form I-130, write the alien registration number (number A) of the relative for whom you make the request at the top of Form EOIR-29.
Form EOIR-26: decisions taken by an Immigration judge
To appeal a decision of an Immigration Judge, you must submit Form EOIR-26: Notice of Appeal of a Decision of an Immigration Judge to the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) with a filing fee of $ 110.
You must first “reserve the appeal” after the Immigration judge makes the decision. This means that you ask the court for authorization to appeal or object to the judge’s decision and that you do not give up your right to appeal. Once you have reserved the appeal, the judge will give you an EOIR-26 Form. You must submit this form within 30 days after the Immigration judge has made the decision.
The filing fee for Form EOIR-26 is $ 110. The check or money order must be payable to the “US Department of Justice.” DO NOT send cash. Write your name and number A on the check or money order.
The BIA must receive Form EOIR-26 within 30 days after the judge has made the decision. You must send your request by mail at least one week before those 30 days pass so there is time to send it to the BIA.
Most of the information you will need about who to appeal to and when to file the appeal will be available in your Notice of Denial, so read it carefully. If in doubt, submit your appeal within 30 days after the denial. Never abbreviate the “US Department of Homeland Security” on your check or money order. Write you’re A number (if applicable) on the check or money order along with your name.
How to get a Green Card for Parents
One of the great reasons for those who have the green card and give way to U.S. citizenship. is that you can use that immigration status to help your parents obtain residence cards in the United States.
The US immigration system It puts great value in keeping families together. The way family requests work begins with an immigration chain that can be extended throughout a large family.
Immigrants have chosen the United States to relocate their families for centuries and as citizens of this country, they can be the basis on which their family is established in the United States.
President Obama’s government implemented a stimulus program so that green card holders could apply for citizenship.
But, that leaves a question: how to help a father immigrate to the United States? Here is a summary of how it is done.
Green Card for Parents: Petition
The first step in any family-based immigration process is the filing of Form I-130, Petition for a Foreign Relative.
To better understand how this form is used, imagine that it is part of a conversation between you and the US government. Using Form I-130, he asks the government that his father can reach the United States.
Form I-130 is presented with documents that tell the US government. why his father should be allowed to live in the US In this case, the supporting documents must legally prove that your father is really the person he claims to be.
Often, this can be easily achieved by showing your birth certificate where your father’s name and identity appear on the certificate. However, there are many other documents that can prove your relationship including adoption documents or baptismal certificates.
Green Card for Parents: Immigration
When the petition is approved, work in the immigration process for their parents is now their responsibility (or his or her) to successfully complete the process.
When a visa number is available, your father can apply for immigration to the United States at the consulate of the city where he lives; It can also be applied to adjust your status if you currently live and legally in the US.
There are, of course, many other smaller steps along the way, but this is a general outline of how a US citizen can apply for his parents’ immigration.
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